The Share of the Companions

Shaykh al-Islam Ahmad b. al-Mubarak al-Lamati asked the Knower, the Guide, the Master, shaykh Abd al-Aziz ad-Dabbagh, about some of the causes that bring about man’s seperation from his Lord.

The twentieth one that was mentioned by shaykh al-Dabbagh was: “Differentiating between the four caliphs- God be pleased with them- i.e. Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali- God be pleased with them one and all!”

He said: “The meaning of differentiating is that you love one of them but you detest another one, as the Kharijites and the Rafidites do. Now differentiating this way is a cause of being cut off from God- He is mighty and glorious- because each one of the caliphs inherited a particular quality from among the Prophet’s qualities- salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam – and (therefore) loathing a caliph amounts to loathing the Prophet- salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam! That’s why it’s a cause of being cut off from God.”

Al-Lamati says: And I asked him: Then what’s the particular quality in Abu Bakr– God be pleased with him-?

He replied: “The quality of faith in God- He is mighty and glorious! Faith in God the Sublime on the part of the Prophet- salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam– is of a special nature. If it were placed upon the people of the earth, the Companions or anyone else, they’d dissolve. Abu Bakr- God be pleased with him- inherited a small amount of this characteristic in accordance with what his body could support. Yet no one in the Prophet’s religious community- salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam– is a match for Abu Bakr in this respect and no one even comes close to him- neither among the Companions, nor among others who’ve received the great illumination. For the Prophet- salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam– attained secrets about divinity, higher truths about God’s lordliness, and subtle points of divine knowledge (‘irfaan), to an extent that can’t be described or supported, and he spoke to Abu Bakr about the oceans into which he delved- salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam! Thus Abu Bakr ascended to the said place of ascent….”

He said- God be pleased with him: “As for the particular quality that was in Umar– God be pleased with him- it was the quality of giving good advice to the believers, looking after them and preferring them above himself, organizing the affairs of their armies and whatever was of benefit to the common people and the elite among them. And this was a particular quality among the qualities of the Prophet- salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam– and Umar- God be pleased with him- inherited it to the extent that his body could support it.

As for the particular quality that was in Uthman– God be pleased with him- it was the quality of kindness, compassion, and the bond of kinship, and this is one of the Prophet’s particular qualities- salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam! Uthman inherited it to the extent that he could support it.

As for the particular quality that was in Ali– God be pleased with him- it was the quality of courage which was one of the Prophet’s particular qualities- salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam! Ali- God be pleased with him- inherited it to the extent that he was able to support it.

And it’s the same with all the Companions– God be pleased with them! Each one of them inherited something from the Prophet- salla Allahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam– and hating a Companion, whatever Companion it might be, is is a cause of being cut off from God- He is mighty and glorious!”

————–

Pure Gold form the Words of Sayyidi Abd al-Aziz al-Dabbagh, translated by John O’Kane and Bernd Radtke. Pg 537-8.

Taken from: http://riyada.hadithuna.com/

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